What is it?
According to the CDC, ADHD is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders of childhood. Children with ADHD may have trouble paying attention, impulse control issues and/or being overly active.
It is typically diagnosed in childhood and can last into adulthood.
These are just a few...
- forgetting things or losing things
- talking too much
- having a hard time resisting temptation
- having trouble taking turns
- having trouble getting along with others
There are no tests that can detect ADHD, so to be diagnosed, a complete evaluation has to take place. Typically, the child will start the process with their pediatrician, primary care doctor or family physician. However, if the diagnosis is unclear or there are more concerns, they may be sent to specialists such as psychiatrists, psychologists and/or neurologists.
Usually, the doctor will do a physical examination and take a full medical history that includes questions about your concerns and symptoms you have noticed. Typically, they will ask about your child's past health, family health, medicines your child is taking, allergies and other issues as deemed appropriate by the practitioner.
The evaluator may do vision and hearing tests to rule out other conditions that can mimic ADHD.
You as parents, as well as the child's teacher/s will be asked to fill out questionnaires that focus on behaviors and signs/symptoms noticed. Sometimes, other resources, like a school psychologist may also be asked to be part of the diagnosis process.
There are three general ways of treating ADHD. This is certainly not an exhaustive list of treatment options and every child's treatment will be different.
2. Behavioral Therapy
3. Alternative Therapies